Friday, May 27, 2011

Emu Salughtering - a Franchise Model ?

Emu Slaughtering is the lifeline for Emu Farming Industry. If it is not established soon, the industry will be waning.

Here it comes a new concept on Emu Slaughtering - on Franchise Model.

Emu Slaughtering has to be approved by Animal Husbandry Ministry, which it takes its own time to approve and hence this is one major reason emu slaughtering houses are getting delayed to start their operation. But an approval is not required for a Butcher, except getting sanitary certificate from the local municipality. 

Instead of relying on few big Slaughtering Houses to procure emu birds on live-weight basis in large numbers, there is a new thinking of franchising the slaughtering house model to Butchers in cities. 

How does it work?


The emu slaughtering is not so popular in retail level, because, Butchers do not know how to process this bird and also how to handle the byproducts and biological wastes originating from them. The Butchers are need to be invited to join a free program, where they will be systematically trained on the emu slaughtering in their shops. Systematically here means, teaching & training them on how to do the following: removing the skin with out knifing, removing the feathers without leaving holes in the skin, separating the fat without blood stains, and  handling the biological wastes, etc.

  1. Butcher will pay for 3 birds average live weight cost @ 40 Kg x 275 x 3= 33,000/-. It can be arranged with a bank to grant unsecured micro lonas to the butchers. As banks provide the money to the franchiser directly, whereas the butcher owes money to bank.
  2. The Emu birds will be given to them on a daily basis, the butcher will sell the meat and be settling the money on the same day evening and along with that, the fat, feathers, and skin also will be collected by the franchier.
  3. A Delivery van, with cages for each bird to be built and used to deliver the birds. The birds are expected to be delivered before 6 am in the morning.
  4. A Collection van with refrigeration facilities and a safe vault (to keep money), to be visiting each butcher around 4 pm in the evening to collect the money and FAT.
  5. The big farmers are to be signed agreement to supply birds @ 250/kg live weight at their farm gate. 
  6. An arrangement with Emu Fat processing units (one is already running in Pondicherry) will give you a regular market for the fat. Same applies for Skin and Feathers. There are consumers for it.
Let's look at the cost aspects:
  • What does Breeder get?

A Emu bird will reach 40 Kgs at 10th month by changing the feed combination. The purpose made feed combination will help the bird to store lot of fat at the age of 10th months. The selling cost at the 10th month for each bird is: Rs. 10,000. you have spend Rs.4500(feed)+Rs.2500 (chick production cost+labor), which costs you around Rs.7,000/-. You get Rs.3000/- per bird. If your farm is producing 1000 birds every year, you get 30,00,000/- as profit, whereas your sales, is Rs.1,00,00,000. It's a good 30% margin. Breeder gets his money on cash and carry basis.

  • What does the Franchiser get?
The Franchiser who does running the distribution network, virtually starts up with very small investment, compared to the Emu Breeder. A bunch of people, several custom-built lorries, and a systematic approach and sincerity to the business are enough to make the big success. Apart from the investment in the infrastructure, Franchiser makes Rs.2000/- per bird straightaway. If the lorry carries 60 birds at a time, it is 60,000/- per trip as total Gross Profit. The advance money is paid by the butcher, as this money is coming from Banks (Citi, HSBC, SCB, etc) as an unsecured Microfinancing Loan. Government is forcing the banks to disburse microfinancing loans as a percentage of their total capital requirement. Actually, these banks are looking for a reliable opportunity and partner to work with. The advance money is with Franchiser to pay in cash to the breeder. Breeder gets his money on cash and carry basis. The fat collected is at Rs.1000/Kg from Butcher and is sold to the Emu oil processing unit at Rs.1,200/Kg, which makes an another Rs.60,000/- per trip of 60 birds (60 birds @ 5 Kg x Rs.200 [1200-1000=200] = 60,000). Each butcher can sell atleast two birds a day (25 Kg meat for each bird) and you can easily find 30-50 butchers in a city to market your product. To increase your sales numbers, you need to advertise periodically about the health aspects of emu meat in Papers and TV. 

  • What does the butcher get?
Butcher initially deposits Rs.33,000/- to the franchiser for 3 emu birds at 40 Kg live weight at the rate of Rs.275/Kg, and the money is given by bank as microfinancing loan with no collateral. Butcher sells 25 Kg of meat per bird(with bones, albeit) @ Rs.300-325/Kg, sells 5 Kg of fat to the franchiser at Rs.1000/Kg, and Skin is selling at Rs.500/Skin. The total sales is Rs.13,000, against the bird cost of Rs.11,000/-. The net revenue is Rs.2,000/bird. If he sells two birds, he can make Rs.4,000/day on emu birds. Butcher is not sparing the money from his packet to pay the advance, which he can settle over a period of 3 years to the bank. And also, he is delivered with birds at his doorstep, and the fat is sold at his doorstep to the franchiser on the same day. It's no-pain business for him.

In general, Emu industry will be flourishing if this model gets implemented. If you need further clarification/information/suggestion on this, please email to me at jm.emufarm-at-g.mail_com.

Thursday, May 26, 2011

Updated: Impact of Free Goats to Farmers in TN on Emu farming.

An Update (10th July 2011): 

Tamil Nadu Govt has announced that they are going to give 4 goats for each family for 7 lakh families in Tamil Nadu over a period of 5 years. Hence, TN will need 28 lakh (2.8 million) goats for 5 years and 1900 goats every day.

The Age of the goats will be 4-6 months. The eligible families shall not have any agricultural land. An officer will accompany them to the nearby market to buy the goat kids, and the government will borne the transport charges for bring the goat kids to home.

Will the goat farmers sell 4-6 months kids in large numbers?... Some body can clarify..!!??

Impact of Free Goats to Farmers in TN on Emu farm

Newly sworn-in TN Govt has promised to give away free goats for poor farmers to create a livelyhood for them. The BPL (Below Poverty Line) is ascribed at 22.5% of the TN population, which is roughly 32 lakh families (assuming 5 in a family). Each family will be given 4 goats, which will be 1.30 crores Goats in 5 years, which is 2.1 lakh goats every month, which turns out to be 7000 goats every day irrespective of holidays. 

So, Tamil Nadu is going to need 7,000 goats every day to give away to poor Farmers.

This is in addition to the existing consumption, which is already suffering the supply constraints. The poor supply for daily consumption of goat meat has already raised the goat meat prices past Rs.300/Kg mark.

What do you think the Goat Meat prices will be heading to....??

If it exceeds Rs.350/Kg mark, and still people wanted to eat Meat for purpose or pleasure, either the Beef will be entering into this area, or meats like Emu meat can take that place.

Are Emu breeders ready to take up this opportunity? Are they listening...???

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Good News on Emu Slaughtering Houses

I recently had discussion with few industry veterans about the upcoming emu slaughtering units in and around Tamil Nadu and AP. They were very positive and confident about the slaughtering business, and I noticed that they are bit worried too, for not going to get enough stocks for the Slaughtering house. This will initiate a supply/demand gap, possibly in the coming year 2011/2012.

The Good News is that, Vileena Emu (AP) will be starting their Slaughtering House in July, same goes for Jeevan Emu Farm, Dindigul (TN). In addition to these two, I understand that another few units are coming up, and I am getting more details about them. Soon, I will bring those information here.

The price offered are Rs.250/Kg live bird weight at the Slaughter House Gate. This seems to be pretty standard rate. I believe this rate will go up once the Emu Meat Market demand is picking up.

The Bright lights are started showing up in Emu Farming Industry in India. It's a good news, indeed.